Link to the questionnaire:
Education and Training 2020 (ET2020) is the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training. It provides common strategic objectives for Member States to further develop their educational and training systems. The framework takes into consideration the whole spectrum of education and training systems from a lifelong learning perspective, covering all levels and contexts (including non-formal and informal learning).
The strategic framework defines the following four Strategic Objectives:
- Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality
Improving the quality and efficiency of education and training
Promoting equity, social cohesion and active citizenship
Enhancing creativity and innovation, including entrepreneurship, at all levels of education and training
These strategic objectives are supported during the period 2010-2020 by indicators and by reference levels for European average performance (‘European benchmarks’). The benchmarks help to measure at European level the overall progress made and to show what has been achieved.
Member States agreed on the following five benchmarks:
- Adult participation in lifelong learning: By 2020, an average of at least 15 % of adults should participate in lifelong learning
Low achievers in basic skills: By 2020, the share of low-achieving 15-years olds in reading, mathematics and science should be less than 15 %
Tertiary level attainment: By 2020, the share of 30-34 year olds with tertiary educational attainment should be at least 40 %
Early leavers from education and training: By 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training should be less than 10 %.
Early childhood education: By 2020, at least 95 % of children between 4 years old and the age for starting compulsory primary education should participate in early childhood education
The Open Method of Coordination (OMC) is an instrument for cooperation between MS in the policy areas where the scope for EU legislation is limited. The policy areas fall within the national competence. EU holds a role of coordination, shared or supporting competence.
The OMC process consists of:
- Jointly identifying and defining objectives to be achieved (adopted by the Council)
Jointly established measuring instruments (statistics, indicators, guidelines)
Benchmarking, i.e. comparison of the Member States' performance and exchange of best practices (monitored by the Commission).
Soft law instruments can be adopted - but are not necessary. Binding measures cannot be adopted. No sanctions can be imposed for non-compliance.