The Council of Europe has been developing a Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture, for use in primary and secondary schools and higher education and vocational training institutions throughout Europe as well as national curricula and teaching programmes.
Following Göteborg, the European Commission has agreed on new initiatives to improve key competences and digital skills of European citizens, to promote common values and pupils' awareness of the functioning of the European Union.
The new proposals also fed into the first European Education Summit which Commissioner Navracsics hosted in Brussels on 25 January with the theme of ‘Laying the foundations of the European Education Area: for an innovative, inclusive and values based education’.
The three initiatives proposed by the Commission are:
- A Council Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning
- A Digital Education Action Plan
- A Council Recommendation on common values, inclusive education and the European dimension of teaching
The Council adopted conclusions on a renewed agenda for higher education. The overall aim is to modernize higher education so that it keeps pace with the rapidly evolving environment.
It also adopted conclusions on school development and excellent teaching. The conclusions highlight the importance of ensuring high-quality and inclusive education for all, empowering teachers and school leaders, and shifting towards more effective, equitable and efficient governance.
The Council adopted a recommendation for tracking graduates as a way of encouraging and supporting member states in their efforts to improve the quality and availability of information on what graduates do after leaving higher education or vocational education and training.
The conclusions and recommendation follow the Commission communications of 30 May 2017 on school development and excellent teaching, and on a renewed EU agenda for higher education.
On 17 November 2017, the European Commission has set out its vision for how we can create a European Education Area by 2025. The Communication is intended as a contribution at the meeting of 17 November 2017 in Gothenburg, where European leaders met to discuss the future role of education and culture in strengthening a shared European identity. This informal meeting of heads of state and government took place in light of the 30th anniversary of the Erasmus programme and in the framework of the Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth.
The Commission believes that it is in the shared interest of all Member States to harness the full potential of education and culture as drivers for job creation, economic growth and social fairness as well as a means to experience European identity in all its diversity.
The primary responsibility for education and culture policies lies with the Member States, at national, regional and local levels. However, the European Union has played an important complementary role over the years. This is particularly true when it comes to cross-border activities. Over the past decade, the European Union has also developed a series of ‘soft policy’ tools to help Member States in the design of national education policies. Since 2000, Member States have been cooperating under the ‘Framework for European cooperation in education and training’ (ET 2020) which set common objectives and benchmarks. The Commission believes it is now time to build on these foundations and greatly step up our ambition.
With its international comparison and country analysis, the Education and Training Monitor fuels the debate on priority themes for education and training and informs national education reform debates.
Endorsed by government representatives from all EU member states, the Monitor charts EU and the country progress using six targets:
to reduce the early leavers from education and training below 10%
to reach 40% tertiary educational attainment among 30 to 34-year-olds
to reach the 95% participation in early childhood education and care
to reduce the underachievement in reading, maths and science below 15%
to reach the employment rate of recent graduates of 82%
to reach 15% adult participation in learning
The GEM is the mechanism for monitoring and reporting on SDG4 (for all sub-goals) and on education in the other SDG’s. It is prepared by an independent team hosted by UNESCO.
The focus on this year’s report is on accountability. Despite strong progress in education, there are significant challenges to achieving the SDG 4, the global education goal. Faced with education challenges, the public wants to know who is responsible and policy-makers look for urgent solutions. But reaching SDG4 is often a collective enterprise. Accountability, therefore, does not easily rest with single actors.
The report focuses entirely on education for the first time, and contains a set of educational indicators.
The focus is on education, because, in times of rapid economic and social change, education is considered even more crucial. The best way to prepare children and young people for the future is to place their learning at the center.
The 2017 edition presents a new focus on fields of study, investigating both trends in enrolment at upper secondary and tertiary level, student mobility, and labour market outcomes of the qualifications obtained in these fields. The publication also introduces for the first time a full chapter dedicated to the Sustainable Development Goals, providing an assessment of where OECD and partner countries stand on their way to meeting the SDG targets. Finally, two new indicators are developed and analyzed in the context of participation and progress in education: an indicator on the completion rate of upper secondary students and an indicator on admission processes to higher education.
In the field of education and training, the Presidency focuses on the implementation of the New Skills Agenda, the modernization of Higher Education, and the initiative of graduates’ tracking.