Trends Shaping Education examines major trends affecting the future of education and sets the background on upcoming challenges for policy makers and education providers alike. This work does not give conclusive answers: it is not an analytical report nor is it a statistical compendium, and it is certainly not a statement of OECD policy on these different developments. It is instead a stimulus for thinking about major tendencies that have the potential to influence education, and conversely, the potential of education to influence these trends.
The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved over the next 15 years. For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and just people.
On 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development officially came into force.
The Netherlands holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union from 1 January to 30 June 2016 and has presented, together with the Slovak and Maltese Presidencies that will follow, the Council's work programme for the period to June 2017.
The EU Presidency Trio states in its programme that ‘inclusive, smart and sustainable growth, jobs and competitiveness remain the top priority over the next 18 months.’
The conclusions take stock of the progress made so far, with a view to reviewing, consolidating and improving measures. According to 2014 data, 11.1 % of 18 to 24 year olds have left education and training without completing an upper secondary programme (around 4.4 million young people). Huge discrepancies remain within and between member states and the comprehensive strategies advocated in the 2011 Council Recommendation are still lacking in many countries.
Education at a glance provides data on the output of educational institutions, the impact of learning across countries; the financial and human resources invested in education; access, participation and progression in education; the learning environment and organisation of schools. The 2015 report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education, readiness to use information and communication technology for problem solving in teaching and learning. The report provides indicators on the impact of skills on employment and earnings, gender differences in education and employment, and teacher and school leader appraisal systems.
This yearly report gives a picture of trends, improvements, challenges at all stages of education in the EU. It is the starting point for assessing EU countries’ performance as a basis for the yearly country reports in the framework of the European Semester.
In 2014, the Commission and Member States started a mid-term stocktaking exercise to assess progress made since 2012 and to help prepare the next priorities for cooperation in education and training at European level.
The challenges and priorities identified underpin the identification of the new priority areas and concrete issues for the further work up 2020.
Paris, March 2015
This informal initiative was proposed by France and supported by the Latvian Presidency and the European Commission. It brought together Education Ministers, State Secretaries and representatives from all 28 member states in response to the terror attack in Paris and in Copenhagen.
The declaration calls for combined efforts to prevent and tackle marginalisation, intolerance, racism and radicalisation and to preserve a framework of equal opportunities for all. Education and training 2020 and Erasmus+ are advanced as the main tools to enhance social, civic and cultural competences, critical thinking and media literacy and to foster education of disadvantaged children and young people.
‘Education at a glance’ is an important source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of the education systems in 34 OECD member countries, as well as some G20 and partner countries. This publication is based on 2013 data collected in the first half of 2014; it is an update of the ‘Education at a glance 2014’ report, and will be followed by the publication of the 2014 data in ‘Education at a glance 2015’.